Early Jersey Wakefield is an early variety of cabbage with pointed heads
that resist splitting! Popular for excellent flavor, this is a great
heirloom Cabbage for the home vegetable garden!
Average: 60 days
Detailed planting instructions:
Sow seeds indoors 6 to 8 weeks before average last spring frost. Keep
soil warm (about 75 F) until germination. Then keep plants around 60 F.
Provide direct sun so plants don’t get leggy. When plants are 4 to 6
weeks old, transplants into garden 12 to 24 inches apart, in rows 18 to
34 inches apart. Use closer spacings for smaller, early varieties,
wider spacings for larger, late-season varieties.
Can be direct seeded as soon as you can work the soil.
Will germinate at soil temps as low as 40 F. Plant ½ to ¾ inch deep,
about 3 inches apart. Thin to final spacings.
Direct seed in summer for fall crop, or start transplants in late May and transplant in late June or early July.
Plants have shallow root systems. Avoid even shallow
cultivation. Mulch to protect roots, reduce weed competition and
Use floating row cover to protect crop from early pests.
When heads are mature, they are prone to splitting in
response to any stress or a rain following a dry period. Avoid splitting
by choosing varieties that resist splitting, spacing plants close
together (8 to 12 inches for early varieties, 12 to 16 inches for later
varieties), using shovel to sever roots on one side about 6 inches
from the plant, or twisting plants after heads have firmed to break
some of the roots.
To help reduce disease, do not plant cabbage or other
cole crops in the same location more than once every three or four
When cabbages are 4 to 5 inches tall, thin or transplant
to stand 18 to 24 inches apart. Apply a thick layer of mulch to retain
moisture. Water plants during the summer if rainfall is less than 1
inch per week. Contact your local county extension office for controls
of common cabbage pests such as aphids, root maggots, cabbageworms, and
Cabbage can be harvested anytime after the heads form. For highest
yield, cut the cabbage heads when they are solid (firm to hand pressure)
but before they crack or split. When heads are mature, a sudden heavy
rain may cause heads to crack or split wide open. The exposed internal
tissue soon becomes unusable. Harvest and salvage split heads as soon as
possible after they are discovered.
In addition to harvesting the mature heads of the cabbage
planted in the spring, you can harvest a later crop of small heads
(cabbage sprouts). These sprouts develop on the stumps of the cut stems.
Cut as close to the lower surface of the head as possible, leaving the
loose outer leaves intact. Buds that grow in the axils of these leaves
(the angle between the base of the leaf and the stem above it) later
form sprouts. The sprouts develop to 2 to 4 inches in diameter and
should be picked when firm. Continue control of cabbage worms and other
pests. If this control cannot be maintained, remove and destroy or
compost the stumps, because they serve as a breeding ground for diseases
and insect pests.
This is a two-year project, and also the chance that your prize cabbage
variety will swap pollen with both other cabbages and cabbage family
relatives. Keep plant intended for seed at least 300 feet from them.
Use a loose mulch to help plant overwinter, or in colder zones, unearth
the plant, roots and all, and keep them indoors on a cool, humid spot
for setting out in the spring. In the second year, you can help the
flower stalk to come forth by slashing an X in the top of each cabbage's
head. Wait until the seed heads turn brown before collecting the
Once they start to dry, keep a close eye on them, as they
tend to shatter and drop their seed. Its best to cut entire plants
once most of the pods begin to look dry, and then leave them to mature
further on a sheet indoors. Once they are thoroughly dry, the seeds
will come out of the pods very easily; the simplest way is to trample
the plants on top of a large sheet, and then sieve out the debris.
- Comes in E-Z Lock resealable, reusable triple-layered foil packets
- Seeds are open pollinated and can be grown, harvested, and replanted endlessly
- Dried & sealed airtight for long-term storage
- Nutritional value: An excellent source of vitamin C and vitamin U.